Japonia Hortus

key to understand the Japanese garden

Edo Period

       Azuchi Momoyama Period was finished by Lord TokugawaIeyasu after battle of Sekigahara and he started shogunate inEdo, which is now called Tokyo. He obligated other lords to stayand protect the capital biennially and recommended them topromote cultural activities; as a result, the lords traveledbetween Edo and their hometown frequiently, and they madeDaimyo gardens, imitating landscape seen during trip for the duty,in their hometown and Edo. The garden was mixture of severalgarden styles such as Karesansui, dry landscape garden and teagarden and it usually contained huge ponds; the lord and hisguests walked around the pond and enjoyed the garden fromdifferent view spots. Interestingly, half of Edo city land wasoccupied by the lords houses and gardens in that time. Katsura Imperial Villa
       Talking about garden techniques, trimming scissors wereinvented and horticultural bleeders created many cultivars in Edoperiod. The cultivars of cherry, chrysanthemum, hosta and otherplants in that time are still able to buy in the market today.Those progresses allowed a different type of expression inJapanese garden. Also, various garden books were published andthey explained types, ways to make, and also taboos of theJapanese gardens. However, the garden manuals worked to losegardeners creativity and made Japanese gardens monotonous inthe end of Edo period.

History and Varieties of Japanese Garden