Japonia Hortus

key to understand the Japanese garden

Muromachi Period


       Emperor Godaigo started to fight against Kamakura  Shogunate to bring back the political power of Japan to the  imperial family and Ashikaga clan, originally stood by the  Shogunate, helped to defeat the Shogunate. Emperor Godaigo  initiated new government in Kyoto, but he created conflicts with  Ashikaga clan and was ousted from Kyoto. Ashikaga clan put  another stream of the imperial family forward as Emperor; thus  there were two Emperors in Japan at that time and laterAshikaga clan unified two imperial streams.
       The Shognate raised specialists from lower class workers tolead traditional arts such as Nou, painting and garden, and it  created Zen gardens: Toji-in, Kinkaku-ji, and Ginkakuji following  Muso-kokushi Zen garden style.
Kinkaku-ji
Funda-in
       In the period, many Zen temples were subdivided tosmaller  temples and due to limitation of land and water supply,they  produced simple and sophisticated Zen garden, Kare-sansui  known as dry Landscape garden. Because the stylelimited color and movement in garden, it was suited to expressZen  enlightenment; quiet and harsh.
       Also, new architecture style, Shoin-zukuri building was  emerged and many Zen temples were built by the style. Most of  Karesansui were made in the front and back of Shoin-zukuri  building. Front yard usually facing south was made to be an openspace for the followers and back yard facing north was to be a  private space for Buddhism priests.

History and Varieties of Japanese Garden