Japonia Hortus

key to understand the Japanese garden

History and Varieties of the Japanese Garden


Note: in this page, I talk about mainly garden history and explain Japanese history related to garden only. Fordetails of Japanese history, please look other sites or books. Also, names of Japanese people are placed accordingto Japanese naming style, surname before given name

Jomon culture, Yayoi culture and Kofun period
Time of Animism Stone Works

Jomon culture (14,000 BC - 300BC)
Remains:Oyu Kanjyo-Resseki,Kami-Shiraiwa Iseki
Yayoi culture (300BC - 250 AD)
Remains:Tatetsuki Tomb
Kofun period (250 - 592)
Remains:Goshikizuka Tomb, Ajiki-jinja

Asuka Period (592 - 710)
Garden Culture Imported from China

Gardens
Asuka imperial garden remain (repair and open in 2016),Asuka HistoricalMuseum,Enjyo-ji Akaiya

Nara Period ( 710 - 794)
Originality of the Japanese Garden Emerged

Gardens
Heijyo-kyo Toin,Heijyo-kyo Sankyo-sanjyo-nibo kyu-ato

Heian Period (794 - 1185)
Start of Snden-zukuri and Jyodo-shiki Gardens

Gardens
Byodo-in,Daikaku-ji,Motsu-ji,Kanjizaio-in-ato,Hyozu-taisha,Kanjyu-ji, Hokongo-in

Kamakura Period (1185 - 1333)
Influence of Zen Buddhism

Gardens
Toko-ji,Erin-ji,Eiho-ji,Zuisen-in,Shomyo-ji,Sorin-ji,Nanzen-in,Makaya-i,Kutsuki Ike-no-sawa

Muromachi Period (1336 - 1573)
Creation of Dry Landscape Garden

Gardens
Saiho-ji,Tenryu-ji,Rokuon-ji,Daisen-in,Jisho-ji,Joei-ji,Funda-in,KitabatakeYakata-ato,Kyu-Shurin-ji,Ryugen-in,Suwa-Yakata-ato,Hokoku-ji

Azuchi-momoyama Period (1573 - 1603)
Dynamism of Samrai Garden Style

Gardens
Entoku-in,Kokubun-ji,Tokushima-jyo Omote-goten,Sanpo-in,
Ema-shi Yakata-ato,Taga-Taisha,Matsuo-jinja,Anyo-in

Edo Period (1603 - 1868)
Gardens of Peaceful Days

Gardens
Nijyo-jyo,Raikyu-ji,Katsura Imperial Villa,Shugaku-in Imperial Villa,Kenroku-en,Okayama Korakuen,Koishikawa Koraku-en,Kyu-Shiba-kikyu

Meiji Period (1868 - 1912) and Taisho Period (1912 - 1926)
Change of Political Power and Gardens

Gardens

Murin-an,Maruyama Park,Shinjyuku-gyoen,Sankei-en,Yoshiike Ryokan,Jin-ya,Yasukuni-jinja,Garyu-sanso,Hibiya Park,Kiun-kaku


Showa Period (1926 - 1989)
Movement of the Modern Japanese Garden

Gardens
Tohuku-ji Hojyo,Matsuo-taisha,Kishiwada-jyo,Adachi Museum of Art,Taizo-in,Kennin-ji,Expo'70 Commemorative Park,Keio Plaza Hotel

Heisei Period (1989 - )
The Japanese Garden Goes on

Gardens
Keihanna Commemorative Park,Embassy of Canada to Japan in Tokyo,Samukawa-jinja,Kishin-en,Ryuun-ji,Barakura English Garden